Hubungan Status Gizi terhadap Kadar Gula Darah Sewaktu dan Tekanan Darah

  • Ami Febriza Achmad University of Muhammadiyah Makassar
  • Shelli Faradiana University of Muhammadiyah Makassar
  • A. Meutia Dewi Rahmayani Undergraduate Student, University of Muhammadiyah Makassar
Keywords: Body Mass Index;, Blood Pressure, Blood Sugar, Waist Circumferences

Abstract

Abstract. This study aimed to examine the relationship of nutritional status, measured through the Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference, with Current Blood Sugar Levels and Blood Pressure in the Civil Servants population. Methods: This study is an analytical study with cross sectional method. The study was conducted at the Regional Secretariat Office of Sinjai Regency involving 49 employees as the object of research. Independent variables in this study were the Body Mass Index (BMI) and waist circumference. Dependent variable when blood sugar levels and blood pressure. Data Analysis: Univariate analysis is carried out by entering independent and dependent veriabel frequency distributions. Bivariate analysis is used to see the relationship between independent variables using the Chi-Square statistical test (X2) using the SPSS program. Results: There was a significant relationship between nutritional status, as measured by the Body Mass Index (BMI) and Waist Circumference, with the current blood sugar level and blood pressure. Subjects with abnormal BMI and waist circumference have a tendency to increase blood sugar levels and blood pressure compared to employees with BMI and normal waist circumference.
Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meneliti hubungan status gizi, diukur melalui Indeks Massa Tubuh dan Lingkar Pinggang, dengan kadar Gula Darah Sewaktu dan Tekanan Darah pada populasi Pegawai Negeri Sipil. Metode penelitian: Penelitian ini adalah penelitian analitik dengan metode cross sectional. Penelitian dilakukan di Kantor Sekretariat Daerah Kabupaten Sinjai dengan melibatkan 49 orang pegawai sebagai obyek penelitian. Variabel independen pada penelitian ini adalah Indeks Massa Tubuh (IMT) dan lingkar pinggang. Variabel dependen kadar gula darah sewaktu (GDS) dan tekanan darah. Analisis Data: Analisis univariat dilakukan dengan memasukkan distribusi frekuensi veriabel independen dan dependen. Analisa bivariat digunakan untuk melihat hubungan antara variabel independen dengan menggunakan uji statistik Chi-Square (X2) dengan menggunakan program SPSS. Hasil: Terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara status gizi, yang diukur melalui Indeks Massa Tubuh (IMT) dan Lingkar Pinggang, dengan kadar gula darah sewaktu (GDS) dan tekanan darah. Subjek dengan IMT dan lingkar pinggang tidak normal memiliki kecenderungan peningkatan kadar GDS dan tekanan darah dibandingkan dengan pegawai dengan IMT dan lingkar pinggang yang normal.

References

(WHO), W. H. O. (2019). Obesity and Overweight. Retrieved April 26, 2019, from https://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/obesity-and-overweight

Clare-salzler MJ, Crawford JM, K. V. (2007). Buku Ajar Patologi Robbins. (W. N. Hartanto H, Darmaniah N, Ed.). Jakarta, Indonesia: EGC.

Cossio-Bolanos, M., Cossio-Bolanos, W., Menacho, A. A., Gomez Campos, R., Silva, Y. M. da, Abella, C. P., & de Arruda, M. (2014). Nutritional status and blood pressure in adolescent students. Archivos Argentinos de Pediatria, 112(4), 302–307. https://doi.org/10.5546/aap.2014.302

Guyton Hall. (2006). fisiologi manusia. Elsevier.

Humayun, A., Shah, A. S., & Sultana, R. (2009). Relation of hypertension with body mass index and age in male and female population of Peshawar, Pakistan. Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC, 21(3), 63–65.

National Heart, L. and B. I. (NHLBI). (2019). What causes obesity & overweight ? Retrieved April 26, 2019, from https://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/obesity/conditioninfo/cause

Rahmouni, K., Correia, M. L. G., Haynes, W. G., & Mark, A. L. (2005). Obesity-associated hypertension: new insights into mechanisms. Hypertension (Dallas, Tex. : 1979), 45(1), 9–14. https://doi.org/10.1161/01.HYP.0000151325.83008.b4

Soetiarto, F. , & Suhardi, R. (2010). Hubungan Indeks Massa Tubuh Dan Lingkar Pinggang Data Riskesdas 2007. Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan, 38, 36–42.

Tandra, H. (2008). Segala sesuatu yang harus Anda ketahui tentang Diabetes. Jakarta, Indonesia: Gramedia.

Published
2019-06-25
How to Cite
Achmad, A., Faradiana, S., & Rahmayani, A. M. (2019). Hubungan Status Gizi terhadap Kadar Gula Darah Sewaktu dan Tekanan Darah. Celebes Health Journal, 1(1), 40-48. Retrieved from http://journal.lldikti9.id/CPHJ/article/view/103
Section
Articles